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Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim Ridley 1893 - registered (RHS)
Papilionanthe teres (1915) × Papilionanthe hookeriana (1915)

Genus: Papilionanthe
Epithet: Miss Joaquim
Description:     Miss Joaquim 'Agnes' is Singapore's national flower. The pollen parent is the historic Papilionanthe cultivar 'Andersonii' now genetically determined by DNA sequence analysis
History: PAPILIONANTHE [VANDA] MISS JOAQUIM - Theme & Variations
  • 1) Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim 'Agnes' FCC/RHS (Ple. teres 'Andersonii' x Ple. hookeriana) (A. Joaquim; H.N. Ridley, 1893). Named for its originator, a talented horticulturist and the world's first woman orchid hybridiser. Most floriferous and ubiquitous; proclaimed the national flower of Singapore (1981).
  • 2) Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim 'Josephine' (Ple. teres 'aurorea' x Ple. hookeriana f. alba) (J. Laycock, 1928). Free-flowering; well-shaped flowers. Named for a niece of Agnes Joaquim.
  • 3) Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim 'Rose Marie' (Ple. hookeriana x Ple. teres f. alba) (C.A. Chevalier, 1937; SBG repeat, 1945). Flowers at 1.5m, not as free-flowering as 'Agnes', but well-shaped, larger flowers. Named for the American cor Hawaiian orchid pioneer, Frank Atherton.
  • 5) Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim 'Douglas' (4n) was, in turn, derived as a mutation from the cloning of 'Atherton'. 4) Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim 'Atherton' (c. 1930s?), raised from an extensively inbred Hawaiian population derived from the Burkhill donation (28 cuttings of 'Agnes') (1920). Named fi>6) Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim 'John Laycock' (Ple. teres f. alba x Ple. hookeriana f. alba) (B.C. Yeoh, 1962). Named for the prominent lawyer, orchid grower/breeder and Liberal politician, who had a particular affinity for this orchid and attempted (unsuccessfully) to breed a white variety.
  • 7) Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim 'SBG' (c. 1980s) has a plant growth habit that takes after Ple. hookeriana but flowers that resemble a scaled down version of Ple. teres 'andersonii' with even deeper red lips.

[Emrys Chew 2017-05-06]
Synonym Papilionanthe Agnes Joaquim Unknown
Papilionanthe Miss Agnes Joaquim Unknown
Papilionanthe Josephine Unknown
Papilionanthe Rose Marie O/U
Papilionanthe Joaquimiae O/U
Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim Rose Marie Dutch East Indies

Ple. Miss Joaquim 4N 'Douglas'
Photo: Emrys Chew
Ple. Miss Joaquim
Photo: Juan M. Perez
Ple. Miss Joaquim 'Agnes' FCC/RHS
Photo: David Lim